Indian Languages List with States PDF

List of Indian Languages


India Languages List






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Indian Languages List with States PDF

You are in the right place if you are looking for Indian Languages List PDF. At the end of this post, we added a button to download the PDF of the Indian Languages List with States for free.

Indian Languages List

Effective communication involves using language to convey our thoughts, feelings, and ideas to others. India is a country that boasts of many languages spoken across different states.

Most Commonly Spoken Languages in India

According to the latest data, the top languages spoken in India as of 2023 are:

  • Hindi (41%)
  • Bengali (8.11%)
  • Telugu (7.19%)
  • Marathi (6.99%)
  • Tamil (5.91%)
  • Gujarati (4.48%)
  • Urdu (4.19%)
  • Kannada (3.74%)
  • Odia (3.62%)
  • Punjabi (2.82%)

The data presented here has been derived from the 2021 Census of India and reflects the primary language spoken by individuals nationwide.

Oldest Languages In India

The three oldest languages in India are:

  1. Sanskrit: Belonging to the Indo-Aryan family of languages, it is regarded as the oldest language in India. Its initial form, Vedic Sanskrit, was spoken approximately around 1500 BCE.
  2. Tamil: Did you know that Tamil is considered one of the oldest Dravidian languages, with a literary tradition that dates back over 2,000 years? Even today, more than 70 million people in India and Sri Lanka speak this language.
  3. Prakrit: Did you know that Prakrit is a cluster of early Indic languages spoken in the Indian subcontinent from the 3rd century BCE to the 8th century CE? It played a crucial role in early Buddhist and Jain literature and is regarded as a significant predecessor to contemporary Indian languages like Hindi and Bengali.


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